Land measurement is the process of determining the size, boundaries, and ownership of a piece of land. It is an important aspect of land management and plays a crucial role in various fields, such as agriculture, real estate, urban planning, and environmental management. Accurate land measurement is essential for land ownership, transfer, and management, and is critical in resolving land disputes.

Land measurement is also important for tax collection, as the value of the land and the amount of tax payable is directly linked to its size and boundaries. In addition, land measurement plays a crucial role in the development of infrastructure projects, such as roads, bridges, and airports, as accurate information on land size and boundaries is necessary for planning and construction.

Furthermore, land measurement is also important for natural resource management, as the size and boundaries of a piece of land determine the number of natural resources available, such as water, minerals, and forests. Accurate land measurement helps in the sustainable utilization and management of these resources.

In this article, we’ll provide a comprehensive guide to land measurement in Nepal. We’ll cover the different units of measurement, conversion factors, and other important aspects of the system. Whether you’re a local or a foreigner, this guide will help you navigate the complexities of measure land in Nepal.

Background information on the land measurement system in Nepal

It is a traditional system that has been in use for centuries. The system is based on the concept of the Ropani, which is the primary unit of measurement for land in Nepal. The Ropani is further divided into smaller units such as Aana, Paisa, and Daam, each of which is used to measure smaller plots of land.

The Ropani unit is based on the area of land that can be plowed by a pair of oxen in a day, which is approximately 5476 square meters. The Ropani is further divided into 16 Aana, and each Aana is divided into 4 Paisa, and each Paisa is divided into 4 Daam.

The measure land in Nepal has been influenced by the Hindu and Buddhist religious practices and cultural traditions. The land measurement units in Nepal are often named after gods and goddesses, such as Bigha, Kattha, Dhur, etc.

The Nepalese government has made efforts to modernize the land measurement system by introducing new technologies and tools, such as GPS and digital mapping. The government has also implemented a new land registration system to provide a more accurate and reliable record of land ownership and boundaries. However, despite these efforts, the traditional land measurement system continues to be widely used in Nepal, particularly in rural areas.

Overall, the land measurement system in Nepal has a rich history and cultural significance and continues to be an important part of land management and ownership in the country.

Understanding the Units of Measurement in Nepal

In Nepal, there are several units of measurement used to measure land. These include

1. Ropani: The Ropani is Nepal’s most commonly used measurement unit. It is equivalent to 508.72 square meters or 5,458 square feet. One Ropani is further divided into 16 annas or 64 paise.

2. Aana: An Aana is one-sixteenth of a Ropani or 31.79 square meters or 342.25 square feet.

3. Paisa: A Paisa is one-fourth of an Aana or 7.94 square meters or 85.56 square feet.

4. Daam: A Daam is one-fourth of a Paisa or 1.985 square meters or 21.39 square feet.

Conversion Factors

Converting between units of measurement in Nepal can be confusing, but it’s an essential skill for anyone dealing with land. Here are some conversion factors to keep in mind:

1. To convert Ropani to square meters, multiply by 508.72.

2. To convert Aana to square meters, multiply by 31.79.

3. To convert Paisa to square meters, multiply by 7.94.

4. To convert Daam to square meters, multiply by 1.985.

How to Measure land in Nepal

In Nepal, the land is traditionally measured using a system of units that have been used for centuries. The primary unit of measurement is the Ropani, equivalent to approximately 5476 square meters 1.35 acres. The Ropani is further divided into smaller units, including Aana, Paisa, and Daam, each of which is used to measure smaller plots of land.

To measure land in Nepal, the traditional tools used include ropes, plumb lines, and wooden pegs. The land surveyor first uses these tools to mark the boundaries of the land by placing pegs at the corners of the plot. The surveyor then uses a rope to measure the length of each side of the plot, using the traditional units of measurement.

With the advent of modern technology, new tools such as GPS and digital mapping are also used to measure land in Nepal. These tools are particularly useful for larger plots of land, as they allow for more accurate measurements and mapping of the land.

Once the land has been measured and the boundaries have been established, a document known as a Khata is created. The Khata is an important legal document that records the landowner’s name, the area of the land, and its boundaries. The Khata is used to transfer ownership of the land and is also necessary for obtaining loans and permits related to the land.

In recent years, the Nepalese government has implemented a new land registration system that aims to provide a more accurate and reliable record of land ownership and boundaries. The system uses modern technology such as digital mapping and is designed to reduce land disputes and promote transparency in land ownership.

Overall, land measurement in Nepal is an important process that plays a crucial role in land ownership and management. The traditional system of units and tools is still widely used, but modern technology is also being embraced to improve accuracy and efficiency.

Now, how to calculate the land area converter? 

1 Bigha= 20 Kattha1 Kattha = 20 Dhur1 Bigha = 6772.63 m²
1. Bigha = 72900 sq. ft.1 Kattha = 388.63 m²1 Kattha =3645 sq. ft.
1 Dhur =182.25 sq. ft.1 Dhur = 16.93 m²1 Ropani =64 Paisa
1 Ropani =16 aana 1 Ropani =508.72 m²1 Ropani = 5476 Sq.ft.
1 Ropani=256 Daam 1 Ropani =4 Matomuri1 Khetmuri=25 Ropani
1 Aana = 4 Paisa1 Aana=79 m²1 Aana=342.25 sq. ft.
1 Aana =16 Daam1 Paisa = 4 Daam 1 Paisa =7.95 m²
1 Paisa = 85.56 sq. ft.1 Daam =1.99 m²1 Daam =21.39 sq. ft

Frequently Asked Questions

Is it necessary to have a land survey done before buying land in Nepal?

Yes, it’s highly recommended to have a land survey done before buying land in Nepal. This can help identify any irregularities or issues with the land, as well as ensure that the land is being sold at a fair price.

How much does a land survey cost in Nepal?

The cost of a land survey in Nepal can vary depending on the size and complexity of the plot of land being surveyed. However, it’s usually a few thousand Nepali Rupees.

Are there any restrictions on foreign ownership of land in Nepal?

Yes, foreigners are not allowed to own land in Nepal. However, they can lease land for up to 5 years at a time.

 Can I measure land using GPS in Nepal?

Yes, GPS technology can be used for land measurement in Nepal. However, it’s important to note that GPS measurements may not be as accurate as traditional methods in certain areas, such as mountainous terrain.

What is the process for registering land in Nepal?

To register land in Nepal, you must first obtain a land survey report and a map from a licensed surveyor. You will then need to submit these documents, along with other required paperwork, to the local land revenue office. The process can take several weeks or months to complete.

What is the penalty for illegally occupying land in Nepal?

Illegally occupying land in Nepal can result in fines, imprisonment, or both. The severity of the penalty depends on the extent of the violation and whether it’s a first-time offense.


Understanding land measurement in Nepal is essential for anyone involved in real estate transactions or property ownership in the country. While the system may seem complex at first, with the right knowledge and guidance, navigating it can be made much easier. By familiarizing yourself with the units of measurement, conversion factors, and other important aspects of land measurement in Nepal, you can ensure that your land transactions are fair, legal, and successful.

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